Urinary stone affects about 12% of the world population and occurs more frequently in men than in women within the age of 20-49 years 1. An increase in new cases (incidence) has been noted in the past decades in both developed and developing countries1. The main reasons are diet excesses (excess calcium, sugar, salt, animal protein, etc.) and insufficient fluid intake 2.
Small stones may eliminate spontaneously by natural means. However, if the stone is not eliminated within a reasonable length of time, or is still painful, surgery will be necessary. The choice of the surgical approach depends on the size, location and nature of the stone.
Treatment options for removing ureteral or kidney stones include extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), ureteroscopy (URS), percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and open surgery. Coloplast offers a wide range of disposable products to perform ureteroscopy and percutaneous procedures, including stone extractors, ureteral stents, ureteral catheters, balloon dilation catheters, ureteral access sheath, guidewires, percutaneous nephrostomy kits and a stent removal solution.
After kidney stone treatment, it is important to identify and treat the risk factors behind the patient’s kidney stone disease1. This is done by performing a metabolic assessment, which involves analysing the stone and conducting a dietary survey and biological examinations.
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- Alelign T, Petros B. Kidney Stone Disease: An Update on Current Concepts. Adv Urol. 2018;2018:3068365. Published 2018 Feb 4. doi:10.1155/2018/3068365
- D’Alessandro C et al. Which Diet for Calcium Stone Patients: A Real-World Approach to Preventive Care? Nutrients.